On the other hand, shoes that are too wide can cause shearing stress under the foot as it slides around, causing callus to build up under the ball of the foot and under the toes. A narrow foot in a wide shoe will slide forwards, causing compression and curling of the toes. By allowing your toes to curl inside a shoe, you disturb the resting positions of your extensor and flexor muscles. Over time, this can result in fatigue and even cramp. This is a very common condition that affects the base of the big toe. It occurs when the big toe gets pushed toward the second toe. Having "flat" feet is definitely not a death sentence. And while they may seem a bit less attractive and less comfortable than feet with normal arches, the condition can certainly be dealt with. Surgery is typically a last resort for many different ailments. Flatfoot, being primarily an inherited condition, is easily remedied by simple, gentle caring of the feet. Those with flatfoot are first advised to seek an evaluation from a healthcare provider, to determine the severity of the condition. The correct shoes and proper guidance during physical activities can mean a world of difference. There are various medical orthotic devices that can be used to help fallen arches and relieve the pain. Your doctor can advise on what would be best for you. However, many of them can be very expensive, they usually have to be worn at all times and can take a long time to correct the problem. Fallen arches can hurt not only your feet but also your whole body. KURU can help. With proven KURU SOLE technology that gives you ideal arch support and a deep heel cup that flexes with every step to protect your heel and absorb shock, KURU hugs every contour of your foot’s unique shape. Lumbar laminectomy is a surgical procedure most often performed to treat leg pain related to herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and other related conditions. Stenosis occurs as people age and the ligaments of the spine thicken and harden, discs bulge, bones and joints enlarge, and bone spurs or osteophytes form. Spondylolisthesis (the slipping of one vertebra onto another) also can lead to compression. Arch supports and orthotics (custom made arch supports) are a very popular treatment modality among Podiatrists, Chiropractors and Therapists and have proven very successful in controlling abnormal gait, excessive pronation and support of the plantar fascia. In many instances, these devices cannot be worn due to shoegear restrictions. There are different techniques which may be used to relieve the severity of your pain. Physical therapy, massage , and modification of your normal activities may be the first step in reducing the pain and inflammation associated with this condition. If you want to reduce top of foot pain, you can start by reducing activities which place excessive pressure on this area. If you feel pain surging through your leg or back, you may need to correct skeletal imbalances through the use of orthotic pads in your shoes. Naturally, you should visit a doctor for a proper diagnosis. Have you found yourself in the store looking at all the different foot care products? There is everything from massaging gel insoles to foam arch supports and heel cushions. If your arches fall the same amount on each side, you might be able to use an insert off the shelf. If they fall differently, then a generic insert will not fix the imbalance. If you have a high arch, a generic insert will likely not be high enough for full correction. For tarsal coalition, treatment starts with rest and possibly a cast. Surgery may be needed if pain does not improve. Gentle stretching of the Plantar Fascia, the Achilles tendon and the calf muscles will all help making your feet and a lot more flexible, which in turn will help reduce the exessive pulling of the Plantar Fascia. Do the stretches fist thing in the morning and avoid walking barefoot on hard floors and tiles. Instead, slip on a pair of shoes with an orthotic inside them. Repeat the exercises (especially the calf stretches) a few times during the day. Surgery for Plantar Fasciitis is rarely required, unless all other treatments have failed to relieve the pain. Surgical procedures include removing a portion of the Plantar Fascia. Your feet are adapters, and will adapt their shape to the footwear you put them in. Therefore, wearing shoes like sandals and slippers that offer no arch support can lead to your feet's arches flattening. Flat feet can also be caused by wearing high heels. (The Achilles heel shortens and tightens making the ankle not bend correctly and leaves the arch to pick up the slack.) Flat feet have also been linked to pronation, or the foot turning too far inward. The foot naturally makes this movement while walking, but it is considered an ailment when the foot rolls inward too far, throwing your feet out of balance and alignment. Aliesa George is the founder of Centerworks® Pilates. She is an author, workshop presenter, and mind-body health expert with more than 25 years of experience designing solutions for health improvement. Aliesa has created a wide variety of products focused on Pilates, Foot Fitness, the Mind-Body Connection, Stress-Management, and Whole-Body Health. She enjoys helping others discover the connection between thought and action to get positive results and achieve goals for a healthy mind, body and spirit! Inflammation of the extensor tendons. Extensor tendonitis is the inflammation of the extensor tendons that result from over exercising. Any inflammation of the foot may lead to top of foot pain.